Jan 01, 2011 this is part one of lesson one an introduction to structural geology. Most introductory structural geology courses cover structures by type brittle structures like faults are typically covered in one section, ductile. Tectonics tectonics how earth was built broader than structural geology encompassing study of surface to core including disciplines as diverse as paleontology and geophysics structural geology deformation processes integral part of tectonics, particularly in respect to deformation history over. Deformation is the change in shape, position andor volume of an object in response to applied forces. Retaining all of the approachability and sound advice which has welcomed and guided generations of geologists, the new edition seamlessly incorporates an even stronger quantitative foundation, resplendent with fully integrated examples and exercises. Lecture notes structural geology earth, atmospheric, and. Structural geology lecture fault geology structural geology.
Gy360 structural geology lectures university of south alabama. An introduction to geometrical techniques is a classic with legs. The online text combines fundamentals, observations and applications and differs significantly from most textbook offerings in this area by a novel and intuitive integration of content. Introduction to engineering geology is designed to give an insight into the way in which geological environments affect decisions about the design and construction of large and small structures. Structural geology of rocks and regions, 3rd edition. Experimental rock deformation, stressstrain curves. Introduction to structural geology free download as powerpoint presentation. It introduces the physical side of geological sciences and emphasizes. Geologyandgeophysics303 structuralgeology coursenotes fall. The methods of structural geology are nearly as diverse as those of the geologic sciences as a whole. A geometric feature in rock whose shape, form, and distribution can be described.
Regional structural geology and tectonics are introduced. We are interested in the rates and directions in which faults and shear zones move. Select downloadable documents from the table below. Faults fracture a discontinuity or break in rock fault a discontinuity in which one block has slipped past another mode ii or iii joint a discontinuity in with no slip parallel to fractures some opening mode i 1. Topic definition application to structural geology descriptive geometry representation of the spatial relationships of points, lines, and planes by means of projections used to describe the geometry of deformed or undeformed bodies 40% of class kinematics study of the position of bodies through time without regard to the causative forces. In sw amazon craton, along the boundary between the ventuaritapajos 1.
Fundamentals and modern developments, by s k ghosh will certainly consistently give you favorable value if you do it well. It is the branch of geology that studies the 3d geometry from micro to macro scale of rocks to explain the deformation processes the rocks experienced since their origination. Pdf introduction to tectonics and structural geology. Smallscale structural features may be studied using the same general techniques that are employed in petrology, in which sections of rock mounted on glass slides are ground very thin. Structural geology is the study of processes and products of rock deformation. The primary goal of structural geology is to use measurements of presentday rock geometries to uncover information about the history of deformation in the rocks, and ultimately, to understand the stress field that resulted in the observed strain and geometries. Take note of this on line resource about the san andreas fault. Introduction to structural geology recommended reading. Plunging fold axis layers will be curved in map view vi. The earth is composed of layers of different composition and physical properties, principally the solid central core, the fluid peripheral core, the viscous mantle, and the solid. Structural geology lecture fault geology structural. It is closely related to the concept of strain the permanent change in shape in 1d, 2d or. Lecture notes section contains class notes for the topic covered in the lectures.
Santanu misra, iit kanpur santanu misra basics of stereonet analysis part by prof. Introduction to field mapping of geologic structures geol 429 field geology department of earth sciences montana state university dr. Look at deformation history of individual linesplanes. Lecture notes and slides introduction to geology earth. The black hills of south dakota are a structural dome. Powerpoint presentation introduction to structural geology. Fabrics and structures of rocks brittle, brittleductile and ductile such as e. Most any physical geology text from the last 10 years could possible work, so if cost is a big issue this is a good option loaner textbooks random authors available for first few weeks of semester until you can purchase your own textbook get them early. Sep 17, 20 introduction structural geology is the study of factors such as origin, occurrence, classification, type and effects of various secondary structures like folds, faults, joints, rock cleavage and are different from those primary structures such as bedding and vesicular structure, which develop in rocks at the time of their formation. These include fractures, faults, folds, boudins, shear zones, cleavages also knows as schistosities, foliations and lineations. The following are the powerpoint slides of some chapters of the fundamentals of structural geology, by. Major concepts foldsin rocks range from microscopic to. Deformation of rocks geology 200 geology for environmental scientists. This list of research frontiers and grand challenges is an outstanding resource to use when.
Glg510advanced structural geology 2009 lecture notes. The course will provide a thorough introduction to geology and then move on to apply this knowledge to site investigation for construction. Lectures prepared from word documents before 2011 do not download these for gg303. Structural geology is the study of the threedimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories. Terry engelder department of geosciences 336 deike building the pennsylvania state university university park, pennsylvania 16802 phone. Structural geology and tectonics university of alberta. The parameters of structural geology constants, conversion factors, etc structural geology boils down to a study of newtons famous laws of motion as they pertain to the deformation of rocks within the earth. You may need to install acrobat reader to obtain the pdf documents. Horizontal fold axis layers will be straight in map view b. The objective of structural geology is to understand the deformation of the lithosphere in other words, to find out how the earth moves. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.
The pdf portable document format versions of the lecture notes are optimized for printing. Tectonics tectonics how earth was built broader than structural geology encompassing study of surface to core including disciplines as diverse as paleontology and geophysics structural geology deformation processes integral part of tectonics, particularly in respect to. Structural geology earth, atmospheric, and planetary. Structural geology lecture free download as powerpoint presentation. The lithosphere lithosphere is comprised of the upper mantle and the crust, the outer shell of the earth. Introduction to structural geology and lecture notes. Gy403 structural geology lectures pdf format introduction to structural geology. Structures are the observable products of deformation. Fundamentals and modern developments, by s k ghosh. Lecture notes structural geology earth, atmospheric. Introduction structural geology is the study of factors such as origin, occurrence, classification, type and effects of various secondary structures like folds, faults, joints, rock cleavage and are different from those primary structures such as bedding and vesicular structure, which develop in rocks at the time of their formation. Structural geology and global geophysics lecture 1. Introduction to structural geology laurel goodwin basil tikoff paul riley structural geology vs. Introduction to structural geology by patrice f ray file type.
This course introduces the techniques of structural geology through a survey of the mechanics of rock deformation, a survey of the features and geometries of faults and folds, and techniques of strain analysis. Geological survey, professional paper 1515 titled the san andreas fault system, california. Draw axes of an appropriate scale with the topographic values. Discover the unique landscape of the british isles with our interactive geology toolkit, featuring a geology timeline, rock analyser, rock cycle, landscape features and safety tips. Jul 26, 2019 48 videos play all structural geology prof. Introduction to structural geology structural geology is the study of how rocks deform and the processes of deformation.
Gg612 structural geology lecture notes soest hawaii. This is part one of lesson one an introduction to structural geology. Discussion of new departures in structural geology and tectonics edited by david pollard. Introduction to structural geology structural geology.9 1159 147 89 1361 46 1132 2 1325 316 688 1458 115 162 966 1379 738 1366 63 1236 475 1407 888 911 33 1029 237 130 353 986 612 668 213 353 789 489 93 432 337 141 705 837 928 729 412